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Brest-Litovsk Peace Agreement

The districts of Erdehan, Kars and Batum were also immediately liberated by Russian troops. Russia will not interfere in the reorganization of the national and international relations of these districts, but will leave it to the people of these districts to carry out this reorganization in agreement with the neighbouring countries, in particular with the Ottoman Empire. In every sense of the word, this Brest Litovsk agreement offered humiliating conditions. It treated Soviet Russia as a defeated nation and Germany as a victorious power that returns to the spoils of war. Immediately after the signing of the treaty, Lenin transferred the Soviet government from Petrograd to Moscow. [40] Trotsky made the bourgeoisie, socialist-revolutionary diplomats, tsarists, tsarist bureaucrats, “the Kerensky, Tseretelis and Chernov” responsible for the peace treaty, the tsarist regime and the “small-bourgeois conciliators”. [43] Fortunately for the Russian regime, the Allies won the war later in the year and the treaty was terminated, which at least saved Russia from some of the worst consequences, although Poland, the Baltic States and Finland were not recovered in the Versailles Peace Settlement in 1919. The Brest-Litovsk Treaties, peace treaties signed in Brest-Litovsk (now Belarus) by the central powers with the Ukrainian Republic (February 9, 1918) and with Soviet Russia (March 3, 1918), hostilities between these countries during World War I. The peace negotiations requested by the Soviet government on 8 November 1917 began on 22 December. They were divided into several meetings during which the Soviet delegation tried to prolong the procedure and took full advantage of its opportunity to make propaganda statements, while the Germans were increasingly impatient.

Austria-Hungary and the Ukrainian People`s Republic have also signed a secret agreement on Halychyna and Bkovyna. Austria-Hungary agreed to unite, until 31 July 1918, in a Crown country, the eastern regions of Halychyna and Bkovyna where the Ukrainian population prevailed. But on 4 July, Austria-Hungary cancelled the secret agreement on the grounds that Ukraine had not supplied it with the amount of cereal promised by the treaty. It is thought that this action is the result of Polish pressure. [2] The peace treaty stated that the state of war between Russia and the central powers had ceased and that Russia would demobilize its army, in addition to losing control over 18 territories, including Finland, Estonia and Ukraine. Trotsky, convinced that a socialist revolution would occur in Germany, probably in 1918, also introduced a blocking tactic to prolong peace negotiations. He asked for peace without concessions, knowing that the Germans would never accept. He requested several postponements and postponements so that he could return to Russia for advice. Peace negotiations began on 3 December 1917 by the government of Soviet Russia, represented by a delegation led by Ukrainian-born Leo Trotsky.