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Treaty Negotiators Who Will Sign Any Agreement

This webinar served as an instrumental technical framework for the broader discussions that will take place during IISD`s 13th Virtual Forum of Investment Negotiators for Developing Countries, which aims to determine the extent to which ifM can contribute to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals. It`s not just concepts floating up there. These are constitutional concepts that are entrenched and entrenched. If there is an offence, it allows First Nations to go to court if it is not resolved through mediation or other trials. It keeps the parties more or less honest about their intentions when they crystallized these rights in a modern treaty context. The signing of a modern treaty is a huge feat. Negotiations often last for decades and are followed by a difficult implementation process that aims to ensure that an agreed vision becomes a reality. There are many lessons that can be learned from negotiators, elders and others who have worked for years on their treaties. Many modern negotiators grew up in the 1970s and 1980s and are retiring or dying.

Their knowledge risks being lost if it is not preserved and passed on to future generations. In 2017, the Gordon Foundation responded to concerns from current and former northern negotiators and experts working to implement modern treaties that Indigenous youth are not participating as much as possible in modern treaties and that action is needed. Aboriginal youth play an important role in the implementation of their modern treaties, with a very large and growing young population. According to the participants, the simulation awakened their interest in their modern contracts and motivated them to participate in the implementation. He also built their skills in negotiation, public discourse, teamwork and critical thinking. It offered the knowledge transfer of negotiators and offered the learning of different negotiating perspectives. They have also built connections across Canada. According to Lyall, the simulation was “very motivating” and access to experienced negotiators was inspiring.

Asya Touchie of Ucluelet First Nation, B.C. explains her group`s ideas for a section of a fictitious agreement on functional claims. Modern treaties play an important role in organizing relations between Indigenous peoples and Canada. Since 1975, 26 modern contracts have been successfully negotiated, providing for indigenous ownership of more than 600,000 km² of land. In the coming years, many more modern treaties will be signed, defining the land rights of many other Indigenous peoples, and creating pathways to self-determination. John B. Zoe, who negotiated the Tlicho Land Claims and Self-Government Agreement, believes that if young people do not get involved, the spirit and intent of the bitterly contested treaties will be lost. Such a loss could have unintended effects on modern treaty achievements in areas such as resource rights, self-government and environmental responsibility.

According to Dave Joe, contractual rights and the negotiation process are important for young people to learn, because “it will be the world that limits their rights, title and interests. To maximize it, certainly to protect it, and to move it forward, they certainly need to learn what those values are, what their rights are, and how best to protect them in a way they understand. The objective of Phase 4 is for the parties to negotiate an agreement in principle. . . .